Plantation workers brought to Sri Lanka from India in the late 1890s were generally confined to the estates they worked on. They were given accommodation in 10" by 10" small rooms built in one block, had common toilets and majority had no access to clean water. They were totally depended on the plantation companies for their basic needs. However after plantations were given back to company management and establishment of the Plantation Housing and Welfare Trust conditions improved in the estate's with around 30% of people getting access to housing, and around 50% to clean water and individual toilets. Tea and Rubber has been one of Sri Lanka's most important agricultural exports but is faced with growing competition and has been difficult to make profit due to recent wage hikes; the country's share of the international tea market has been steadily decreased in recent decades. Hence, both state and non state actors has a duty to assist these workers and support the plantations to enable them to find basic needs like housing, sanitation and water for the workers. Berendina has been assisting this process for the last nine years commencing from 2004 by providing number of development solutions through Berendina Development Services (BDS) and Berendina Micro Finance Institute (BMI) in consultation with respective Plantation management companies.
Beneficiaries in the estates in which Berendina works in, have been benefited in the form of access to safe drinking water, health, access to credit, capacity building, new livelihood options and improved infrastructure. Most importantly plantation managers and workers have been able find solutions to untouched and long lasting problems. By year 2012, the number of estates where Berendina is working has been increased up to 58. All work is done in partnership with management of plantations and credit work though the plantation co-operative.
Work done by BDS in Plantations in a Nutshell (2007 to 2012)
||Provision of Scholarships for bright students
||Repairing and construction of Houses for extreme poor
||Construction of toilets
||Assistance for cataract operations
||Provision of spectacles
||Provision of food ration for malnourished mothers
||Provision of food ration for malnourished children
||Water projects completed in partnership with estate companies (tap for each house)
||Families benefited from water projects
||Community projects in estates(roads, bridges, buildings)
||Income generation projects for non workers
||Number of child cots given to estate crèches
||Number of Crèches given child cots (in 60 estates)
||Number of Elders participated for sport meets
||Elders sport meet
||Number of Elders participated for picnics
||Elders trips to Katragama etc
||Provision of school bags and learning materials for plantation students(annually)
||Number of medical clinics conducted in estates
||Total participants for estate medical clinics(no longer done)
||Number of educated plantation youth provided employment
Plantation Companies Berendina works with
Berendina has partnered with Watawala, Kelenivalley, Kegalle, Maskeliya, Bogawanthalawa, Kahawatta, Horana, Agarapathana, Mathurata and Kotagala as well as 3 privately owned plantation companies to work in 57 estates by 2012.
Budget for Plantation Sector
||Number of estates working
Provision of Toilets
Due to absence of proper latrine facilities drinking water is frequently being contaminated by Ecoli. Though the normal working families in estates may have the capacity to construct a toilet, unawareness of proper sanitary and hygienic practices have been hindered them in investing such construction. During 2011 Berendina introduced knowledge plus credit service to construct the toilets providing Rs. 30,000 loan. But families who have no capacity to get this done were fully funded to construct latrines.
BDS has implemented number of programmes in order to improve mental and physical well being of elderly. Activities conducted with the active participation of elders' clubs include Picnic / Pilgrimages, Shramadana campaigns, livelihood development activities, Elders’ Sports Meets, exposure visits and health clinics.
Safe drinking water to door step
The objective of safe drinking water supply programme of BDS is to ensure access to safe drinking water at household levels and also to improve the sanitary conditions in communities living in estates A partnership approach is implemented by BDS to implement this programme in few selected estates, Palm foundation have been employed as technical and implementation partner.
More than 1500 youths have also been provided jobs through the Berendina Employment Centers operated by Berendina.
Credit is provided for line repairs, re-roofing and electrification and now for toilet constriction. In addition income generation loans are given for vegetable cultivation, livestock and small trading where this is possible. The average loan size provided to individuals range from Rs. 25,000 to 75,000.
All beneficiaries are initially selected by the Plantation Management and all loans given through the Plantation Co-operative. Bulk loans are given through the co-operative to clients approved by management and the co-operative is given percentage of the interest to strengthen same. Berendina charges interest at 11% and 12% flat rate which is the lowest amongst private non subsidized micro finance agencies.
In addition, Berendina is in the process of introducing a new housing loan, to estate workers to construct partially or fully build houses. This will be started in pilot basis at one estate in Watawala Plantations and replicated in to other estates.
Summary of the Credit Programme (as of 30 June 2013)
|Number of Active Borrowers
|Percentage of Females
|Outstanding Loan portfolio
|Total number of Loans Disbursed during the year
|Total value of loans disbursed during the year